If you own an ExoPC, and you’re eager to know how to get Plasma Active, our new workspace and set of applications for consumer devices to run on it, this blog article will help you get going.
Note: Plasma Active is in alpha state right now, it is basically usable, but you will find many rough edges. You should not try this unless you consider yourself an early adopter, or if you mind fiddling with bits and pieces. We are working towards an end-user ready product, but we’re not yet there.
What to pick?
There are a few different options to choose from, I’ll quickly explain which to choose under which circumstances.
- MeeGo: Works well overall, but is lacking in key areas, for example we do not have a UI to connect to wireless networks yet, and as the device doesn’t have Ethernet (and cables are lame on mobile devices anyway). You can work around this with a trick Marco explains.
Choose this option if you want to run and develop for MeeGo
- Balsam Professional: Download the Balsam Professional live images from open-slx. This live image provides a fully functional live system without too much hassle.
Choose this option if you want to try Plasma Active
- openSUSE: Install Plasma Active on top of openSUSE 11.4, it uses the Active packages created by open-slx (me, my employer), but is a bit more laborious to install.
Choose this option if you want to run the full experience on your ExoPC, or track progress and hack on Plasma Active
I will explain here how you can get to a state-of-the-art Plasma Active, using what will eventually become the Tablet Edition of Balsam Professional. Balsam Professional is, unlike openSUSE, focused on end-users and the user experience on consumer-level devices. Balsam Professional is based on openSUSE, so you might well be familiar with many of the tools already.
What you need
- An ExoPC, or a WeTab
- An empty USB stick of at least 700MB
- A USB keyboard and possibly a mouse
Note that the installation is possible to do by keyboard only, but a bit more comfortable if you have a mouse available. As the ExoPC does only have two USB ports, one of which will be occupied by the installation medium for the first part of the setup, you either need a USB hub, or a combined receiver for mouse and keyboard. If you don’t have a mouse or the means to plug one in, don’t worry, it’s not really hard to do. In this case, I’d recommend to install the updated kernel package from the KDE:Active repo as soon as the base installation is done, as that makes the touchscreen work, from that point on, you won’t need a mouse anymore.
The process should take you about two hours, you might get it done quicker, but should be able to get it running within, say, one evening.
The following points provide a detailed guide to installing Plasma Active and the Contour shell onto your ExoPC, using openSUSE. This process is also explained on the wiki, check there for the latest updates.
- Install openSUSE 11.4: Download this image, Use “dd” to write it to a USB stick, or use the excellent imagewriter tool to handle this for you. after this step, you should have a bootable installation medium in your hands.
- Insert the USB stick into your ExoPC, boot it and install openSUSE 11.4 onto the machine. It’s wise to enable auto-login, and possibly the SSH server during the installation, since this makes your life a bit easier later on. You need a keyboard for this.
- Set up the repositories for Plasma Active:
zypper addrepo --refresh \ http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/KDE:/Release:/47/openSUSE_11.4 kr47 zypper addrepo --refresh \ http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/KDE:/Active/openSUSE_11.4/ plasma-active zypper modifyrepo --priority 90 plasma-active
The last line increases the priority (lower value means higher priority) for the Plasma Active packages.
- Update your KDE installation to the 4.7 release, this pulls in the dependencies needed for Plasma Active. At this point, you still have a traditional desktop, you now update the KDE stack to the 4.7, and get a few updated packages as well (among them Mesa and a new kernel which is needed to make the touchscreen work and brings much better performance):
Accept all vendor changes.
- Make sure the 3.0 kernel is installed (“zypper if kernel-desktop”), if not install it with
zypper in plasma-active:kernel-desktop plasma-active:kernel-desktop-base
- Install Plasma Active packages on top. This will install the contour shell, some apps and configure your system to run Plasma Active, including tweaks to the defaut configuration that make the whole system more touch-friendly and suitable for mobile use cases.
zypper in plasma-contour-config
After this step, you have Plasma Active on your system.
- Reboot to boot the new kernel, the Active shell will start automatically. If you get a black screen past login, use a keyboard and ALT+F2, “konsole” to get a shell and try starting “plasma-contour” by hand. If the command is not found, as root, do “ln -s /usr/bin/plasma-mobile /usr/bin/plasma-contour”.
- Install additional packages, such as Calligra Active (package “calligra-active”) Kontact Touch (package: “kdepim4”) or the kdegames4 suite. Bringing you a nice collection of useful software.
- Hop into the #active IRC channel on Freenode.net, tell us about your experiences and help others gettting started as well. =)
On Tuesday at 14:00 UTC and on Friday at 12:00 UTC, we will organize online install fests on #active (Freenode.net) where we can help you with installation issues, and where you can share your experience with others. Of course you’re free to drop by and hang around at any time.